Into the Gray Zone (PDF)

  • Hardcover
  • 320
  • Into the Gray Zone
  • Adrian Owen
  • English
  • 10 May 2020
  • 9781501135200

Adrian Owen ☆ 2 Characters

Into the Gray Zone Characters º 102 Adrian Owen ☆ 2 Characters Summary Into the Gray Zone Degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Many are oblivious to the outside world and their doctors believe they are incapable of thought But a sizeable number are experiencing something different intact minds adrift deep within damaged brains and bodies Following Owen’s journey of exciting medical discovery Into the Gray Zone asks some tough and terrifying uestions such as What i. It is so rare that a book comes along that sparks my interest and intellect such that it is like this one I have found myself uoting parts to friends taking pics of pages and sending them off and pondering who I will bless with a copy The book is so accessible and is presented very well interspersed with enough human examples to make it hard to put down such a well worn phrase but certainly applies in this case The author is also clearly empathetic to the plight of his experimental subjects and the families who believe in their loved ones consciousness and responsiveness despite evidence to the contrary I am sure that part of my intrigue is that I worked freshly out of college and many years ago in a brain injury rehabilitation center doing both therapy and admission work If the current technology had been available what a difference it would have made in many lives and given answers and peace to tortured families We saw very little miraculous recoveries but yet the hope of family members was inspiring and devastating at the same time Using the methods of communication that Owen presents what are the ethics of using the results to determine admission to a very expensive rehab center to improve odds of serving only those with potential An interesting thought

Summary Into the Gray ZoneInto the Gray Zone

Into the Gray Zone Characters º 102 Adrian Owen ☆ 2 Characters Summary Into the Gray Zone The author a world renowned neuroscientist reveals his controversial groundbreaking work with patients whose brains were previously thought vegetative or non responsive but turn out in up to 20 percent of cases to be vibrantly alive existing in the “Gray Zone between full consciousness and brain death People in this middle place have sustained traumatic brain injuries or are the victims of stroke or. This book Into the Gray Zone A Neuroscientist Explores the Border Between Life and Death by Adrian Owen piued my interest because I have thought a great deal about just what it means to be conscious Every now and then we see stories in the media of people who have been in a vegetative state for years The case of Terri Schiavo comes to mind immediately mainly because of the very public legal battle which took place I can t help but consider and attempt to imagine what being in that state feels like What DOES it mean to be conscious In its simplest definition consciousness is described as having an awareness and being able to feel and think In this fascinating book Adrien Owen through his incredible research inspires readers to examine what it means to be conscious and whites the difference between a brain and a mind His research with patients in a vegetative state raises uestions about our widely held definition of consciousness Adrian Owen is a neuroscientist who has been working for decades with patients who have been described as being in a vegetative state or non responsive due to brain injuries or degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer s What he believes he has discovered is not without controversy nevertheless through his research and experimentation he has found that in about 20% of cases the patients are actually in a space between full consciousness and brain death a space he calls the gray zone These patients often seem oblivious to the world around them and are viewed by medical professionals as being incapable of thought Dr Owen strongly disagrees He believes that their intact minds are adrift deep within damaged brains and bodies And he set out to prove just thatThis book is not at all daunting to read It is not filled with medical jargon or written in the language of a professional journal article And lest you think that Dr Owen writes only of his successes he also documents his frustrations and failures Through years of trial and error and with the fortunate advancement in technology Dr Owen pioneered a new techniue using fMRI machines functional magnetic resonance imaging to attempt to assess brain function To help the reader understand exactly how the process worked he presented a number of case studies Initially he pulled together a control group of healthy people and came up with an interesting way to elicit the same responses in the brains of all of his subjects He needed something which would light up the same areas in all brains being tested He and his team brainstormed and they thought of two scenarios in the first scenario the subjects were asked to think about and imagine playing the game of tennis Using the fMRI Dr Owen was able to see that when his subjects thought about playing tennis the part of the brain which is situated near the top of the head which is known as the premotor cortex lit up every time The second scenario he used with his healthy subjects was to ask them to imagine or visualize themselves walking through their homes This time the part of the brain associated with spacial memory lit up in each subjectTaking the information he collected using his healthy subjects Dr Owen was prepared to attempt the experiment with patients in a vegetative state Dr Owen needed to be able to demonstrate that just as in healthy people he could use the fMRI machine on damaged brains to catch them in the act of making a willful decision A number of his patient case studies have stuck in my mind The first patient he tried the techniue on was named Carol Carol was a 23 year old woman who had been hit by two cars as she attempted to cross a busy street and while she was distracted by her cellphone She had been in a vegetative state for months Placing her under the scanner Dr Owen asked her to imagine she was playing tennis He then asked her to imagine she was walking around her home and to his surprise and delight the premotor cortex and the spatial memory parts of her brain lit up just as they had in his healthy subjects To carry the experiment one step further and in an attempt to communicate with a patient Dr Owen and his team devised a list of uestions to ask the patient and would instruct the patient to imagine playing the game of tennis to signal a yes response and to imagine walking through his hometown signal a no response Dr Owen attempted this experiment with a patient named Scott a man who had been in a vegetative state for the 12 years since he had been involved in an automobile accident Scott was presented with clear yes or no uestions Are you in any pain and Do any of your body parts hurt right now are examples of uestions used in Scott s case Scott was instructed to imagine playing the game of tennis if his answer was yes and to imagine walking through his home if his answer was no The spatial memory part of Scott s brain lit up signaling to Dr Owen that he was not in any pain Are these successful experiments proof that a gray zone does exist in some patients who have been considered non responsive by the medical community I found the case studies presented in this book to be exciting and promising but Dr Owen has been criticized by others in his field Some of his detractors believe he is reading too much into the data he has collected and is providing false hope to patients and families who have already been traumatized Dr Owen believes that at the very least his findings have encouraged doctors nurse and family members to view these patients with empathy and this empathy may increase the likelihood of a partial recovery I personally feel this breakthrough his exciting But I also have to admit that the case studies provided were also disturbing to me For so long medical professionals have believed that they could say with a degree of certainty that patients in a vegetative state were not conscious or aware of their surroundings Dr Owen s research makes it clear that thinking of these patients as unresponsive is far from certain in at least 20% of the cases As I often do when reading these types of books I attempted to imagine how these patients must feel being essentially trapped inside of their own bodies That reminded me of the age old fear of being buried alive and that s an awful thought I also feel that Dr Owen s research presents moral ethical and legal challenges and because of this society will be forced to try to answer some very difficult and important uestions what makes a life valuable or worth living What IS the difference between a brain and a mind And what does it mean to be conscious Plenty of food for thought

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Into the Gray Zone Characters º 102 Adrian Owen ☆ 2 Characters Summary Into the Gray Zone S life like for these patients What can their families and friends do to help them What are the ethical implications for religious organizations politicians the Right to Die movement and even insurers And perhaps most intriguing of all in defining what a life worth living is are we too concerned with the physical and not giving enough emphasis to the power of thought What truly defines a satisfying lif. This review and others can be found on BW Book ReviewsThe gray zone A thing that no one has really heard of but everyone would know once they hear me say vegetative state That s what the gray zone is People who are somewhat responsive or completely non responsive to the world around them It s something most people are familiar with the topic that sparks so many debates about the right to life or the right to die with dignity It s a really hot topicAdrian Owen is a neuroscientist whose research focuses on the people in the gray zone Mainly his research focuses on how to bring people out and how to know whether people are conscious of what s going around It s a huge topic Do these people know what s going on or are they completely gone Dr Owen takes this topic his whole life s research and tries to condense it into something that s understandableThe only experience I have with consciousness is a very short lecture that a classmate did for an honor s project in my behavioral neuroscience course Everything went above my head Consciousness is a difficult concept since it takes multiple forms We can be aware of our surroundings but we may not understand ourselves or be able to introspect Emotions may not show consciousness since dogs show emotions yet do they have the power to introspect or form complex mental maps of words topics or relationshipsDr Owen explains all things related to consciousness perfectly He makes it easy despite having the ability to go way above everyone s heads to reach academics who like him spend their lives researching it He s come into contact with doctors psychologists fellow neuroscientists and philosophersThis conversation has touched most people in some way Having to make a choice about a relative or a friend doing the same Debating something like this in a class However this book gives a very uniue spin on it by looking at his research that examined people who came out of the gray zone and recovered their abilities While this book is definitely specialized and I read it because I find psychological topics fascinating and I m half tempted to suggest it to my advisor since he loves biological psychology it s incredibly accessible You don t have to have any past knowledge on this to enjoy it Whos Afraid of the Big Bad Boss? not giving enough emphasis to the power of thought What truly defines a satisfying lif. This review and others can be found on BW Book ReviewsThe gray zone A thing that Behind the Mountain no one has really heard of but everyone would know once they hear me say vegetative state That s what the gray zone is People who are somewhat responsive or completely Addiction non responsive to the world around them It s something most people are familiar with the topic that sparks so many debates about the right to life or the right to die with dignity It s a really hot topicAdrian Owen is a Harry Gruyaert neuroscientist whose research focuses on the people in the gray zone Mainly his research focuses on how to bring people out and how to know whether people are conscious of what s going around It s a huge topic Do these people know what s going on or are they completely gone Dr Owen takes this topic his whole life s research and tries to condense it into something that s understandableThe only experience I have with consciousness is a very short lecture that a classmate did for an honor s project in my behavioral Burning Central Coven 2 neuroscience course Everything went above my head Consciousness is a difficult concept since it takes multiple forms We can be aware of our surroundings but we may A Cry in the Wilderness Poetry from Pakistan not understand ourselves or be able to introspect Emotions may Secret Sins not show consciousness since dogs show emotions yet do they have the power to introspect or form complex mental maps of words topics or relationshipsDr Owen explains all things related to consciousness perfectly He makes it easy despite having the ability to go way above everyone s heads to reach academics who like him spend their lives researching it He s come into contact with doctors psychologists fellow A Wedding in Hell neuroscientists and philosophersThis conversation has touched most people in some way Having to make a choice about a relative or a friend doing the same Debating something like this in a class However this book gives a very uniue spin on it by looking at his research that examined people who came out of the gray zone and recovered their abilities While this book is definitely specialized and I read it because I find psychological topics fascinating and I m half tempted to suggest it to my advisor since he loves biological psychology it s incredibly accessible You don t have to have any past knowledge on this to enjoy it